International Journal of Management and Fuzzy Systems

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Management and Utilization of Sor and Gebba Rivers: Comparative Analysis

Received: Mar. 05, 2021    Accepted: May 21, 2021    Published: Sep. 04, 2021
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Abstract

This study is concerned the utilization, conservation and management of Sor and Gebba Rivers. The improper management, utilization and conservation of water resources may amount to not merely the occurrences of conflict among and between riparian but also hinder the national development of a given country. Ethiopia is depicted as the water tower of Northeastern Africa (Horn of Africa) where aridity is the rule due to ineffective and poor utilization and conservation of water. The overall objective of this study is to examine the management and utilization politics of Sor and Gebba rivers comparatively. To achieve the objectives, the study employed descriptive research design as the research design of this study. The study also employs qualitative approach and in depth interview, document analysis and observation as data collection tools. The researchers have managed to collect data and made in-depth interview with number of respondents from Ilubabor zone and Bunno bedelle zones water development offices, and from some selected woredas which have proximity to two of water resources such as Yayyo and Hurrumu woreda Water development offices. According to respondents, both rivers yet to receive attention from government officials of the area, scant attention was paid to the fisheries potential of Sor and Geba rivers which resulted from different factors including lack of budget, skilled man power in the area and institutional bureaucracies. At the end, the reviews and analysis of all relevant secondary sources was made to supplement and substantiate the primary data collected by key informant interview and observation and the data collected from secondary sources was analyzed with the data collected from primary sources through qualitative data analysis. The finding of this study revealed that, Sor and Gebba rivers potential wasn’t harnessed to be utilized for local community for economic development and Sor and Gebba rivers un-utilized by local community due to financial constraints and again received less protection, conservation and management of from local community and concerned government officials at local, regional and national level due to lack of awareness. Therefore, government should allocate enough budget to utilize the maximum potentials of Sor and Gebba rivers for different purposes such as hydro-electric power generations, micro and macro irrigations, tourist attraction, swimming poll, fisheries and other purposes to realize economic development of the nations and local community.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijmfs.20210703.14
Published in International Journal of Management and Fuzzy Systems ( Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2021 )
Page(s) 64-70
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

River Utilization, Management, Soor and Gebba Rivers

References
[1] Agwata, J. (2005). Water resources utilization, conflicts and interventions in the Tana basin of Kenya.
[2] Alemayehu Kasaye. (2015). Land Use Land Cover Change and Its Implication on Surface Runoff: A Case Study of Baro River Basin in South Western Ethiopia. Journal of Environment and Earth Science. 5 (8) 2015.
[3] Asnake, Kefale. (2011). Narratives of Developmentalism and Development in Ethiopia: Some preliminary explorations. In the European Conference on African Studies, Uppsala, Sweden.
[4] Awulachew, S., Yilma, A. D., Loulseged, M., Loiskandl, W., Ayana, M., & Alamirew, T. (2007). Water resources and irrigation development in Ethiopia.
[5] Ayalew, D. W. (2018). Theoretical and Empirical Review of Ethiopian Water Resource Potentials, Challenges and Future Development Opportunities. International Journal of Waste Resources, 8 (4).
[6] Chenoweth, J., 2008. A re-assessment of indicators of national water scarcity. Water International, 33 (1), pp. 5-18.
[7] Commission on sustainable development (2004). Making water part of economic development. The economic benefits of improved water management and services.
[8] Creswell, J. (2009) Research design: Qualitative, quantitative. and mixed methods approach, 3rd ed. Sage Publications.
[9] Fana, Gebresenbet. (2016). Land Acquisitions, the Politics of Dispossession, and State-Remaking in Gambella, Western Ethiopia. GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies.
[10] Kothari C. (2004). Research Methodology; methods and techniques. Second revised edition. New age international publisher, New Delhi.
[11] Kurunthachalam SK (2014) Water Conservation and Sustainability: An Utmost Importance. Hydrol Current Res 5: e117. doi: 10.4172/2157-7587.1000e117.
[12] Manase, G., (2009). The strategic role of water in sustainable economic growth and development: the case of South Africa. In Water, sanitation and hygiene: sustainable development and multisectoral approaches. Proceedings of the 34th WEDC International Conference, United Nations Conference Centre, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 18-22 May 2009 (pp. 439-444). Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC) Loughborough University of Technology.
[13] Mengistu Woube (1999). Flooding and sustainable land–water management in the lower Baro–Akobo river basin, Ethiopia.
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[15] Norwegian National Research Ethics Committee (2016). Guide line for research Ethics in social science, humanities, law and Theology. 4th edition.
[16] Reddy N. Mulualem B. and Firisa Ch., (2018). Assessment of Surface Water Potential Based On Watershed Modeling: A Case of Sor Watershed, Ethiopia. International Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 7 (3) Pp. 102-114.
[17] Sharma G. (2017). Pros and cons of different sampling techniques. International Journal of Applied Research 3 (7), 749-752.
[18] Singh, A. S., & Masuku, M. B. (2014). Sampling techniques & determination of sample size in applied statistics research: An overview. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management, 2 (11), 1-22.
[19] Theodore H., (2004). Applying the Concept of Sustainability to Water Resources Management.
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  • APA Style

    Asafa Tasgara, Negera Gudeta. (2021). Management and Utilization of Sor and Gebba Rivers: Comparative Analysis. International Journal of Management and Fuzzy Systems, 7(3), 64-70. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijmfs.20210703.14

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    ACS Style

    Asafa Tasgara; Negera Gudeta. Management and Utilization of Sor and Gebba Rivers: Comparative Analysis. Int. J. Manag. Fuzzy Syst. 2021, 7(3), 64-70. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmfs.20210703.14

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    AMA Style

    Asafa Tasgara, Negera Gudeta. Management and Utilization of Sor and Gebba Rivers: Comparative Analysis. Int J Manag Fuzzy Syst. 2021;7(3):64-70. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmfs.20210703.14

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijmfs.20210703.14,
      author = {Asafa Tasgara and Negera Gudeta},
      title = {Management and Utilization of Sor and Gebba Rivers: Comparative Analysis},
      journal = {International Journal of Management and Fuzzy Systems},
      volume = {7},
      number = {3},
      pages = {64-70},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijmfs.20210703.14},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijmfs.20210703.14},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijmfs.20210703.14},
      abstract = {This study is concerned the utilization, conservation and management of Sor and Gebba Rivers. The improper management, utilization and conservation of water resources may amount to not merely the occurrences of conflict among and between riparian but also hinder the national development of a given country. Ethiopia is depicted as the water tower of Northeastern Africa (Horn of Africa) where aridity is the rule due to ineffective and poor utilization and conservation of water. The overall objective of this study is to examine the management and utilization politics of Sor and Gebba rivers comparatively. To achieve the objectives, the study employed descriptive research design as the research design of this study. The study also employs qualitative approach and in depth interview, document analysis and observation as data collection tools. The researchers have managed to collect data and made in-depth interview with number of respondents from Ilubabor zone and Bunno bedelle zones water development offices, and from some selected woredas which have proximity to two of water resources such as Yayyo and Hurrumu woreda Water development offices. According to respondents, both rivers yet to receive attention from government officials of the area, scant attention was paid to the fisheries potential of Sor and Geba rivers which resulted from different factors including lack of budget, skilled man power in the area and institutional bureaucracies. At the end, the reviews and analysis of all relevant secondary sources was made to supplement and substantiate the primary data collected by key informant interview and observation and the data collected from secondary sources was analyzed with the data collected from primary sources through qualitative data analysis. The finding of this study revealed that, Sor and Gebba rivers potential wasn’t harnessed to be utilized for local community for economic development and Sor and Gebba rivers un-utilized by local community due to financial constraints and again received less protection, conservation and management of from local community and concerned government officials at local, regional and national level due to lack of awareness. Therefore, government should allocate enough budget to utilize the maximum potentials of Sor and Gebba rivers for different purposes such as hydro-electric power generations, micro and macro irrigations, tourist attraction, swimming poll, fisheries and other purposes to realize economic development of the nations and local community.},
     year = {2021}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Management and Utilization of Sor and Gebba Rivers: Comparative Analysis
    AU  - Asafa Tasgara
    AU  - Negera Gudeta
    Y1  - 2021/09/04
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    DO  - 10.11648/j.ijmfs.20210703.14
    T2  - International Journal of Management and Fuzzy Systems
    JF  - International Journal of Management and Fuzzy Systems
    JO  - International Journal of Management and Fuzzy Systems
    SP  - 64
    EP  - 70
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2575-4947
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijmfs.20210703.14
    AB  - This study is concerned the utilization, conservation and management of Sor and Gebba Rivers. The improper management, utilization and conservation of water resources may amount to not merely the occurrences of conflict among and between riparian but also hinder the national development of a given country. Ethiopia is depicted as the water tower of Northeastern Africa (Horn of Africa) where aridity is the rule due to ineffective and poor utilization and conservation of water. The overall objective of this study is to examine the management and utilization politics of Sor and Gebba rivers comparatively. To achieve the objectives, the study employed descriptive research design as the research design of this study. The study also employs qualitative approach and in depth interview, document analysis and observation as data collection tools. The researchers have managed to collect data and made in-depth interview with number of respondents from Ilubabor zone and Bunno bedelle zones water development offices, and from some selected woredas which have proximity to two of water resources such as Yayyo and Hurrumu woreda Water development offices. According to respondents, both rivers yet to receive attention from government officials of the area, scant attention was paid to the fisheries potential of Sor and Geba rivers which resulted from different factors including lack of budget, skilled man power in the area and institutional bureaucracies. At the end, the reviews and analysis of all relevant secondary sources was made to supplement and substantiate the primary data collected by key informant interview and observation and the data collected from secondary sources was analyzed with the data collected from primary sources through qualitative data analysis. The finding of this study revealed that, Sor and Gebba rivers potential wasn’t harnessed to be utilized for local community for economic development and Sor and Gebba rivers un-utilized by local community due to financial constraints and again received less protection, conservation and management of from local community and concerned government officials at local, regional and national level due to lack of awareness. Therefore, government should allocate enough budget to utilize the maximum potentials of Sor and Gebba rivers for different purposes such as hydro-electric power generations, micro and macro irrigations, tourist attraction, swimming poll, fisheries and other purposes to realize economic development of the nations and local community.
    VL  - 7
    IS  - 3
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Civics and Ethical Studies, Faculty of Social Science and Humanities, Mettu University, Mettu, Ethiopia

  • Department of Civics and Ethical Studies, Faculty of Social Science and Humanities, Mettu University, Mettu, Ethiopia

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